My recent wanderings through the sovereignty of God led me to study the book of Ephesians in my quiet time. I am not certain if this will turn into a series, but it is such a rich letter with so much to explore that I’ll no doubt write a few posts about it.
In fact, in my study time, I’m still in chapter 1, which has more than enough to keep me occupied!
Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God,
To the saints who are in Ephesus, and are faithful in Christ Jesus:
Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
Ephesians 1:1-2 (ESV)
Like any letter, Paul begins by introducing himself. We often skip over these opening verses to get to the “meat” of the letter, but by doing so, miss out on important things.
Paul not only gives his name, but his role as well. “Paul, an apostle…”
An apostle is simply “one whom is sent,” but in the church context it is one of the founders of the church – often a church planter or one who has seen the Risen Lord. The role of apostle was mentioned as one of the five-fold ministry gift or positions, which we will later encounter in Ephesians.
While “role” is one word, another is calling. Paul is not just some self-appointed saint, but is an “apostle by the will of God.” I’ve thought a lot lately about the will of God, and we will see in this first chapter of Ephesians that it comes up time and again. We cannot escape or resist God’s will.
We are sometimes a bit obsessed with our calling. We ask people, “What is your ministry?” or “What is God calling you to do?” While these questions have their place, I think sometimes we spend our lives searching for some grand call on our lives instead of getting on with the business of life.
Am I saying that calling is not important? Certainly not. I believe all Christians have a calling and should live it out as best we can. For many, if not all of us, we can summarise our calling as follows: we should glorify God in our life right where we are.
Certainly we should be listening to God for His direction, and this also should come from our relationship with Him. God is not a stone idol we pray to with nothing in return. Our prayer life should be two-way, and too many of us are talking when we should be listening.
It can be hard to achieve of course (regular and constant communication with God), but I believe life is to be lived with Him. Set times of extended prayer are definitely important, but so are moments of prayer throughout the day. Living like this, we can serve God wherever we are and whatever we are doing.
So we see this letter is from Paul, but to whom is it written?
The saints at Ephesus
It may be that this letter was in reality a circular which was shared among several churches. Some manuscripts omit the words “at Ephesus” and the lack of personal greetings suggest this. The letter was likely written around AD 60 while Paul was imprisoned in Rome. Some scholars dispute the date, believing it to have been between AD 80-100, and also that Paul was the author at all.
It is interesting to me that the New Testament epistles are always written to “saints,” “holy people,” or “consecrated ones.” We never see a letter written to the “sinners in Ephesus,” or the “heathen in Rome…”
This is an important point because I often feel we misunderstand our identity.
We sin, no argument from me, and we did so both before and after we gave our lives to Christ. Sin is a critical issue for the world at large, and is indeed the whole point of Christ’s coming.
Some churches focus too much on sin, and too little on the completed work of Christ. Other churches focus too little on sin, and fail to instruct their people on the dangers of committing “sins” and the overall effect of “sin” on the world.
Christ is the cure for sin. If we continue to think of ourselves as “sinners” after the work of the cross, then we are in danger of making that work of little effect. What do sinners do? They sin. And what ought we not to do in our lives? Same answer.
Rather, our identity (in Christ) is not as an old sinner saved by grace, but rather as an imperfect saint. When we give our lives to Jesus, God puts a new heart inside of us. That is the born again experience. That new birth is something which happens inside of us (in our spirits, not our internal organs). From that time on, we are re-training our mind, will and emotions (sometimes called “the flesh” or “sinful nature”) to come into line with what God has done in our spirits.
If you are still just a “sinner” then what has the cross achieved for you?
I appreciate this is partly down to semantics, and may not seem a point worth labouring, but I think it helps in our reading of the rest of this chapter. Paul emphasises what is ours in Christ, and that must begin by us accepting we are transformed in Him.
As we work through chapter one, I will point out some of the things that belong to us in Christ. Not things we have earned, but rather things which were bestowed upon us because of God’s great grace.
Grace is where Paul begins his letter, and it’s where I’m going to draw this post to a close. He wishes the saints both grace and peace from God. A deeply meaningful greeting and opening to his epistle.
Likewise, I pray God’s grace and peace on you this week.
3 thoughts on “From an Apostle to the Saints”
Hello Andy. This made me think, an apostle as a ‘sent’ one, or rather a ‘sent’ one being an apostle. It’s not that I didn’t know that the Greek word, ‘apostollos’ from which we get the English word apostle meant a sent one but God had been speaking to me in prayer maybe just twenty minutes before, as well as for several months prior, about this word, ‘sent’ regarding people He has sent or called into ministry. I had also been pondering about about what it means to be an apostle.
Reading your write up barely twenty minutes later seemed to bring it home to me anew.
I think I understand what you mean about the difference between the ‘role’ and the ‘calling’ of an apostle. Kenneth Hagin has written that there are four classes of apostles in the NT:
1 Jesus Christ Himself, in a class all by Himself
2 The twelve apostles of the Lamb – had to have been with Jesus from the beginning of His ministry to the end
3 Foundational apostles like Paul who wrote scripture
4 Apostles today
In this fourth group there are different kinds eg even missionaries are in a sense apostles ie sent ones. Or someone can be an ‘apostle’ of faith.
My question from reading your write up is, does it mean that the ‘role’ of the apostle is not ‘by the will of God’ like the ‘calling’ is?
Thanks for your comment and for reading!
My answer concerns only the fourth type of apostle on your list – as we (in the modern day church) cannot claim to be 1) Christ 2) one of hte Twelve or 3) one of the ones who saw the Risen Christ like Paul.
So if we take only the “sent one” definition. Only God can call us to any calling but we can take on any role we choose. That is good and bad.
For instance there may be a role to clean the church and we can do that as a necessity rather than waiting for God to call us to it. Likewise we can falsely claim the role of pastor without any such calling or gifting. The former is a good thing the latter not so much!
When it comes to being an apostle likewise we could theoretically just step into the role (for instance planting a church) with no calling whattsoever from the Lord. That is not a true apostle though is it?
If we stick to an apostle being one whom is sent then by definition we cannot be an apostle unless God first sends us. It’s semantics I suppose given the definition includes the idea of God sending us. We cannot claim God has sent us unless He actually has.
Not sure if that’s what you are asking exactly but hope it helps!